Read e-book online Armageddon's Walls: British Pill Boxes 1914-1918 PDF

By Peter Oldham

The British military and her commonwealth Allies went to struggle in 1914 with little wisdom and adventure of creating everlasting, shell facts protecting buildings. a few masonry fortifications, comparable to protecting blockhouses in South Africa, have been equipped however the Royal Engineers of the military have been extra versed in easy transitority defences compatible for cellular war. domestic defences have been a restricted variety of forts round naval ports, and Martello Towers at the east coast. It used to be thought of that the army was once fairly in a position to safeguard Britain's coasts.

The Germans, however, as with the opposite continental nations resembling France, Belgium, Italy, Holland, Poland, Austria, and so forth. were regularly renewing and updating border forts for numerous centuries. they'd additionally maintained fortification and siege parts in their armies, who have been skilled in designing and developing robust shelters. either German and French armies all started the conflict with a level of workmanship in what used to be to develop into a static struggle with little circulation. in spite of the fact that, through 1918 the British have been to surpass either enemy and her allies within the layout and building, with provide and logistics, of such shell evidence disguise for troops and shielding positions.

This e-book offers the historical past of improvement and innovation of concrete bunkers, capsule containers, blockhouses and basic concrete structures through the First global struggle. a lot of those buildings – a few displaying visible indicators of conflict harm - nonetheless exist in France and Belgium today.

All the prevailing constructions, with photo (except for a few that are impractical, as a result of dense vegetation,) are proven inside. Many entries have modern maps displaying how they outfitted right into a shielding approach, when for others the site could be pointed out from the textual content. GPS coordinates are given for every access, aside from a couple of that are on inner most land and the place privateness has been requested.

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Armageddon's Walls: British Pill Boxes 1914-1918 by Peter Oldham

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